Douglas mcgregor theory x theory y - download as pdf file (pdf), text file (txt) or read online. Theory x and theory y douglas mcgregor (1906 - 1964) is one of the forefathers of management theory and one of the top business thinkers of all time he was a social psychologist who became the president of antioch college. The conventional approach of theory x is based on mistaken notions of what is cause and what is effect well, you ask, what then is the true nature of man. Introductıon theory x and theory y are theories of human motivation created and developed by douglas mcgregor at the mit sloan school of management in the 1960 they describe two contrasting models of workforce motivation. Douglas mcgregor, an american social psychologist, proposed his famous x-y theory in his 1960 book 'the human side of enterprise' theory x and theory y are still referred to commonly in the field of management and motivation, and whilst more recent studies have questioned the rigidity of the model.
Theory y therefore offers a more successful and more positive approach to employee motivation than theory x lesson summary douglas mcgregor's work builds on the work of other behavioral. Douglas mcgregor has developed two sets of assumptions about human behaviour labelling these as theory 'x' and theory 'y' the idea behind using letters x and y, perhaps seems to be using a neutral terminology, which does not convey any sense of badness or goodness associated with these theories. Theory x and theory y framework proposed by mcgregor in his classic book the human side of enterprise (1960) consists of two alternative set of assumptions theory x percieves employees to be lazy, irresponsible and untrustworthy, while according to theory y employees are approached as one of the.
Theory x is an authoritarian style where the emphasis is on productivity, on the concept of a fair day's work, on the evils of feather-bedding and restriction of output, on rewards for performance. According to the expectancy theory, the variable that includes the evaluation of whether available outcomes are attractive to an employee is called valence which of the following statements is true of douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y. Douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y dave gannon and anna boguszak view more view less. Theory x and theory y was created and developed by douglas mcgregor at the mit sloan school of management in the 1960s it describes two very different attitudes towards workforce motivation mcgregor felt that companies followed either one of these approaches.
Based on the premises concerning human behaviour, prof douglas mcgregor put forward a theory of motivation, called as theory x and theory y theory x is a conventional approach to motivation, based on negative assumptions. Theory x and theory y in his 1960 book, the human side of enterprise, douglas mcgregor proposed two theories by which to view employee motivation he avoided. Title: douglas mcgregor's theory x and y: toward a construct-valid measure created date: 20160807154626z.
Douglas mcgregor proposed two theories for employee motivationhis theories are theory x and theory y theory x assumes that the average person: dislikes work and attempts to avoid it has no. 256 theory x and theory y tional problem solving hereafter, we refer to mcgregor's theorizing as theory x/y indicative of mcgregor's impact. Managers generally have one of two perspectives regarding their employees many years ago a professor named douglas mcgregor dubbed these perspectives theory x and theory y theory x assumes that. The theory x and theory y management styles were introduced by douglas mcgregor in his 1960 book, the human side of enterprise he identified two distinct approaches to management and labeled.
Mcgregors theory x and y in the 1960's, douglas murray mcgregor, a famous mit professor of management wrote a book named the human side of enterprise in which he analyzed the various behaviors of professionals at work. Douglas mcgregor - a lasting impression mcgregor's theory x and theory y were the foundation of the human side of enterprise theory x is based on a. Key difference - theory x vs theory y theory x and theory y were introduced in 1960 by douglas mcgregor, an american social psychologist in his book 'the human side of enterprise' this is one of the most famous motivational theo. The concept of theory x and theory y was developed by social psychologist douglas mcgregor it describes two contrasting sets of assumptions that managers make about their people: theory x - people dislike work, have little ambition, and are unwilling to take responsibility.
Douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y in his 1960 management book, the human side of enterprise, douglas mcgregor made his mark on the history of organizational management and motivational psychology when he proposed the two theories by which managers perceive employee motivation. Theory x - from douglas mcgregor's 1960 book the human side of enterprisethe essential tenet from which management rules is that workers dislike work and must be forced to do so with threats. Theoretical reflections on douglas mcgregor's theory 'x' and theory 'y' in his hugely influential 1960 book, the human side of enterprise. Read through the lesson called douglas mcgregor's motivation & management theories to learn more about this topic the lesson covers the following objectives: understand the views of theory x and.
Douglas mcgregor fue una figura ilustre de la escuela administrativa de las relaciones humanas de gran auge en la mitad del siglo pasado, theory y también trae. Mcgregor's theory x and theory y the idea that a manager's attitude has an impact on employee motivation was originally proposed by douglas mcgregor, a management professor at the massachusetts institute of technology during the 1950s and 1960s. Douglas mcgregor (born 1906) died at the comparatively young age of 58 in 1964 one of them he called theory x and the other theory y (see article) theory x is authoritarian, assuming that.